Particles
The photon
Analysis of the photon, which includes visible light, has given us
many clues to the properties of the aether. Max Planck’s famous equation for the energy of a discrete photon
in electromagnetic radiation, where h is Planck’s
constant, and f is the frequency of the photon:
E = hf
Since h has the dimension of a product of energy and time, he called h the
elementary quantum of
action.
Photon – aether interaction
All particles, also the photon, absorb and emit aether units at a
frequency, f_{K}, which is closely related to the formula for the photon’s energy, E = f·h. We assume that the
aether has its own Planck constant,
h_{K},
that is either equal to h/2, or a part
thereof
h_{K}=
h/2n
n ≥ 1
E = hf = h_{K}·
f_{K}
A main assumption regarding particle – aether interaction is that free
aether units are absorbed by individual aether units retained in the particle, not by the particle as an entity. We demand orthogonality at interaction. Before
absorption, each free unit carries
h_{K} (or
h_{K}·√2)
in its line of motion perpendicular to the photon’s line of motion. At absorption the aether unit changes
direction by 90 degrees. During retention, the absorbed unit carries
h_{K} parallel to the photon’s line of motion. An aether unit’s impulse exchange at absorption
seems to consist of delivering its sideways impulse transfer to the photon at large without targeting the
retained unit it bonds with in this respect. We assume that the photon at large balance out the units
parallel component during retention between absorption and emission.
Particles with proper
mass
A particle with proper mass must participate in the same exchange frenzy of aether units as the photon. The main
difference is that the mass particles can be at rest and still have energy.
When we extend the formula for energy in a photon to be valid also for mass particles
h_{K}=
h/2n
n ≥ 1
E = hf = h_{K}·
f_{K}^{ =} mc^{2}
We get that a neutron exchanges more than
n·10^{23} aether units per second when it is at rest and nothing seems to happen. 1 kg of
matter exchanges more than n·10^{50} aether units per
second.
Let us look at some basic patterns of particle – aether (K)
interaction for a mass particle
In the three first red spheres we follow a few specific aether units (Ks) through their interaction cycles with a
particle at rest.
At rest, the particle constitutes a balllike target / probability for aether
interaction where all directions of absorption and emission are equally probable. In the last sphere all three
processes are shown simultaneously.
Next we look at a charged particle at two different velocities, and how the electric field from such a particle is
seen at the measuring point of an observer at rest. Our point is that such a field is actually a K+ or K surplus
flux of Ks, depending on the charge of the particle. So with this figure we know the direction of the exchange of
K with an electron, or K+ with a proton
R. Bartolini, John Adams Institute, University of Oxford, 18 January
2011
For v~c then: γ>>1 and the field is squeezed in the longitudinal direction, The field is limited to a
“pancakelike” region and in the limit of v=c the field is entirely transverse (the pancake has zero angular
spread)
Now we generalize this to be the interaction pattern
for all Ks with all particles. Thus a very
fast neutron at v almost at c having γ>>1 will exchange all its Ks in an almost transversal
direction.
Furthermore, we assume that free Ks are absorbed by retained Ks of the
particle, not by the particle at large. Thus we have
a concept for how particleaether exchange takes place. We also assume that Ks retained in a particle travel at
velocity c, and the only reason a particle can be at is because at rest the Ks will travel in all sorts of orbital,
which in vector sum have zero momentum. Σp_{K} =
0
Now let us look at a fast
moving particle, charge or no charge does not matter:
The same particle of proper mass moving with velocity v, now
approaching the speed of light, c. Upper row follows a few specific Ks, and lower row
depicts average angles of the same
Ks at absorption, retention and emission, and finally all together in a steady state. Ks come in
perpendicular to the
surface, so the shape illustrate cross section /
directional probability for K interaction, showing a much higher probability for Ks coming in from the side.
This is not an illustration of a
geometrical shape. Length contraction causes the particle to appear compressed rather than extended in the
direction of the motion when seen from an aether frame of reference.
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Gravity
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The Electromagnetic
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